11 Types Of Circular Saw & Their Uses [With Pictures]

Circular saw is a power tool used for cutting materials stiff or soft. Circular saw uses a rotating blade or abrasive disc to cut the materials. There are different types of circular saws available in the market which are classified in different categories according to their operation on different materials.

In this article we will be taking a detailed look on different types of circular saw by describing their functionality and limitations. It will definitely help amature woodworkers to choose a specific circular saw for their particular projects. Stay with Us!

Mobility has always been a great feature to anything that is very useful as it is with circular saws. Compact in size and having tremendous power.

Circular saws are portable tools which are easy to move around from one place to another which makes them even worthy.

11 Types Of Circular Saws & Their Uses!

Following is a list of the most famous types of circular saw, we will be discussing mainstream benefits, working limitations, and their usage by elaborating each type.

Types Of Circular SawProperties
SidewinderMotor is placed on one side of the tool so user gets proper aim to cuttings
Worm DriveSlightly slower in speed but very powerful
Cordless Uses lithium ion battery to work, it is light in weights can be held in overhead operations
CordedUnlimited power availability makes it strong for tougher tasks
HypoidIt provides good speeds and torque and it is very durable
AbrasiveMade for hard and long metal cuttings, uses abrasive friction discs.
Track SawAlso known as plunge saw, used for center cuttings
Miter SawFacilitative individual, mostly used for angular cuttings
Cold SawKeeps the materials cool as well as itself, finishes the work quite brilliantly
CordwoodA huge saw used to cut the bigger wooden objects
Compact and MiniHandled circular saws made for smaller and softer jobs

1. Worm Drive Circular Saws

Worm drive circular saws are used for longer rip cuts. In this type of circular saw, blades are placed right in front of the motor. These saws are slower in speed as you can understand by it’s name yet they are very strong and powerful. It provides great torque with the help of gearings.

This circular saw design is very convenient for the user, because the blades are placed on the left side of the tool which makes it easy for the right handed users to have a great look on the cuts for maintaining accuracy. Strong handle provides good grip eventually tool never kicks back.

Pros
  • Delivers massive power.
  • It enhances the user’s reach to the cutting spot.
  • Goes through the hard materials easily
Cons
  • Heavily weighted
  • Tough to hold.
  • Only benefits the experienced workers

2. Sidewinder Circular Saws

In sidewinder circular saws the motor is placed on the one side of the tool. A worm drive motor placed at the back end of the circular saw, transformation of the power to blade is done by a gear set which is aligned on the 90 degree angle.

These circular saws are lighter in weight and larger in sizes but it does not lessen its performance . You can get best performance if you have configured the blade correctly. These saws are mostly used for long vertical cuts through chip boards and plywood pieces.

Pros
  • Handy to use
  • Generates good speed by consuming less power
  • Portability
Cons
  • Limited to cut the softwoods perfectly
  • Hard to control

3. Corded Circular Saws

The corded circular saw gets power from supply cords that’s why it is called corded circular saw. A power generator can also be used for providing energy to this. Infinite power supply lines make these saws to work for long and with more efficiency as compared to others.

Corded saws are considered powerful saws. These saws are mostly used for cutting the hard wooden objects. It can also be used to cut metals by swapping between blade types according to the material.

Pros
  • Generate enough speed and torque to cut the hard material smoothly.
  • Have larger blades that are ideal to cut the hard wooden pieces
  • This is a ready to go type of electric power tool
Cons
  • Power Cords need more attention and space.
  • An electric power cut may stop your work until the power is restored.
  • A power breakdown is always on the way.

4. Cordless Circular Saws

Cordless circular saws are most liked by woodworkers due to its mobility. The light weight makes them easy to hold while doing overhead operations. This type of saw comes with a removable lithium ion battery having different capacities, that surely depends on how much you have spent to buy your cordless circular saw? expensive individuals come with greater battery backup as compared to in budget ones.

This type of circular saw possesses the same behavior to hard or soft materials like the former.

Read detailed comparison: Corded Vs Cordless Circular Saw

Corded Vs Cordless Circular Saws:
Corded saw is the native shape of a saw. The ultimate difference between corded and cordless saw is the power providing method, the corded circular saw uses power supply outlets to make the motor run unlike cordless saw which gets all of its required energy from a lithium ion battery.

Pros
  • Cordless circular saws are convenient at work places
  • Light weighted and mobile.
Cons
  • As power depends on battery, that reduces the working hours of the user
  • Recharge of battery is a factor that user can not take for all the time
  • Due to power issues user cannot take on longer and tougher projects

5. Cold Saws

Cold saw is a fixed placed saw. Frequently used for cutting hard metals with more accuracy. A cooling system is attached to the saw which avoids the materials to get hot, it also reduces the sparks to keep the blade and moving assembly cooler in long working instances.

These saws use high speed steel blades or tungsten tipped saw blades. Both of the blades are resharpenable which is very much appreciated by the woodworkers.

Pros
  • Adaptive to any sort of materials
  • Flawlessly completes the job.
  • It keeps the edges neat and clean.
Cons
  • To much vibration and noises appears while cold saw works
  • Hard materials shorten the lifespan of blades

6. Abrasive Circular Saws

These saws aren’t conventional circular saws as they do not use toothed blades. This tool uses abrasive friction discs. Mostly used for cutting hard materials like ceramics or heavy and thick metals.

Abrasive circular saws have a slight drawback that it makes too much noise and produces heat because it primarily uses friction to cut the materials. Abrasive friction discs create excessive friction with the material, heats it up then softens it later and eventually tears it into parts.

Pros
  • Abrasive circular saws cut the metals faster than other saws which have mate cutting powers.
  • A dedicated object spot (a small vice) makes the dics free of burden.
  • Abrasive friction disc does not be dull for quick successions.
Cons
  • Best for straighter length, they cannot work with square or round objects
  • Abrasive discs cannot cut carbides.

7. Compact Or Mini Circular Saws

As the name states, this variant of circular saws is very munch handheld equipment. Normally used for working at smaller projects.

This saw is not made for longer working times. It is light weighted and fragile, certainly not able to handle the pressure of hard cuttings. It is very good for beginners.

Pros
  • These saws are light weighted.
  • easy to move around
  • best known for working at narrow spaces
Cons
  • These circular saws are limited to smaller jobs only
  • A sensitive tool need to be looked after and maintained after regular working periods
  • Mini circular saw can not work for longer periods of time

8. Hypoid Circular Saws

Most advanced and newly formed type of circular saw. It is a tough machine to work with that’s why it is not recommended to newbies. In this saw very high torque is generated. It is mostly used for heavy wooden projects.

This tool is perfect for professional and experienced woodworkers who know how to handle tougher machines and get maximum efficiency.

Pros
  • Light weighted
  • Provide very good speed and torque
  • Long lasting
Cons
  • Not comfortable with angular cuts
  • Very dirt catchy.
  • High momentum makes it difficult to maneuver

9. Cordwood Circular Saws

Cordwood saw is the huge member of the circular saw family. It is used to tear up big trees into small pieces, mostly used at log stations; These saws are normally operated with the help of a tractor or a massive dedicated generator.

Unique Power source is a key factor which makes it interesting for log station or sawmills owners.

Pros
  • A massive and strong apparatus, goes through large wooden object quite easily
  • Does Not need any maintenance, some lubrication for a few times and the saw is ready.
Cons
  • These saws are for commercial  use only.
  • Can be expensive to work with because a dedicated tractor or generator is required to make them run.

10. Track Saws

Whenever there is a need to begin the wood  cut from the center, a track saw is best for it , because these saws are best for cutting the wood from the center where the drill machine meets its limitations. Track saws are flexible in workings as it can also be used for long rip cuts across the wood grain by attaching a guide rail with it.

Track saws manufacturers provide guide rail with them. By using which you can make your cuts more easy and clean as it is meant to cut in a straight line, guide rail supports the saw thoroughly to slide across the fence of wooden material.

Track saws are more liked among woodworkers as compared to circular saws. Guide rails make it happen! Users of circular saws need to buy a guide rail or they need to build on their own to work efficiently with circular saws.

Pros
  • Track saws are amazingly accurate in performance
  • Simple to use, All the user needs to do is to align the materials and mark the cutting spots, rest is like touch and go!
Cons
  • Needs much time to be configured for first time usage.
  • Track saws are not that portable as compared to other family members

11. Miter Saws

Miter saws are all about cross cutting, not about ripping. This type of saw comes with abilities to angle the blade as well as beveling it . The range of angling the blades by various angles may alter from model to model. The most standard and recommended for beginners miter saw models have ability to angle the blade anywhere between 0 to 60 degrees.

There are two further types of miter saw, which are the compound miter saw and chopping  miter saw.

Compound Miter Saws:

The miter saws which provide the facility of angling and beveling the blades are called compound miter saws. There comes a revolving adjustment handle which makes it happen.

Chop Miter Saws:

If a miter saw’s blade has the ability to go down toward the bed, some people may refer to it as a chop miter saw. It is used to chop the materials. There is no bevel adjustment involved in this type of saw.

Pros
  • Reduces the time taken for the job.
  • Offers the facility to adjust the angles of blades to perform angular cuts
  • Locking features make the blade safe as well as the user.
Cons
  • Electricity is needed to work, A power breakdown can waste a lot of time.
  • It creates a lot of dirt around the work space and on itself too.

Conclusion

There is a wide range of circular saws types available, according to its functionality. Some types are made for the professionals while few are very good for beginners. All you need to do is, have a great assessment of your woodworking skills and your knowledge of the project that you are attempting, then you are ready to start your work by choosing your desired circular saw types.

That’s All from us for now!

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